Tag Archives: IIT

ENGIND Seminar : 17/06/16, EHESS Paris, Educating the Engineering Elite

IIT KanpurENGIND Seminar 17th June 2016, EHESS, Paris, Room N°662, 2-5 pm

Odile Henry, Mathieu Ferry

Educating the engineering elite.

Classifications and classification categories in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

Since Independence Engineering studies have been seen as a force capable of transforming Indian society, with advanced technology being central to the development model. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) hence particularly embody the values of modern India. Exempted from the application of reservation policies to start with, IITs tend to be perceived as places that produce a meritocratic elite, freed from the contingencies related to caste and their political exploitation. The success of former IITs students in the US computer industry in the 1980s and the liberalization of the Indian economy in the 1990s tend to make IITs a “brand” associated with Indian global competitiveness and the values of a private sector disembedded from the social and political spheres.

Based on an ongoing fieldwork in one of these technical elite education institutions, we will question this meritocratic model.

The analysis of the process of admission, orientation towards streams (degrees and discipline), selection during the training, and placement on the labor market, highlights the types of hierarchy that exist within the student population and the trends that contribute to the global reproduction of social inequalities.


Books: Indian Institutes of Technology

Shashi K. Gulhati, The IITs: Slumping or Soaring, New Delhi, Macmillan, 2006

“Many parents dream that their child will go to study at an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and thereafter be a great success. IITs and success are viewed as synonymous because IIT alumni have amply established this link. Will the IITs continue to graduate winners? Can we expect more – will they generate knowledge to make India a leader in the new knowledge economy? Or, have the IITs enjoyed their day of glory and are now slumping? If so, can we arrest the slump and get them soaring? The IIT system is under massive strain: its autonomy is being eroded, its physical infrastructure is wearing thin; laboratories are getting out-dated; faculty is depleting; and the competition for admission is pushing aspirants into an unhealthy grind. IITs fortunately have a major strength in their alumni – they want to see their alma mater excel. The book considers each threat and suggests the way forward. It calls for major changes in how to select students, attract the best to join as faculty and, most important, proposes a new governance system with diminished role for Government and an enhanced one for the alumni. The time to chart out a new course is now! The advantage to be reaped is enormous!! The nation cannot afford to let the IITs slump!!!”

See Also:

Rohit Manchanda, Monastery, Sanctuary, Laboratory: 50 years of IIT Bombay, New Delhi, Macmillan Publishers India, 2008

E.C.Subbarao, An Eye for Excellence. Fifty Innovative Years of IIT Kanpur, New Delhi, Harper Collins, 2008

Sandipan Deb, The IITians: The Story of a remarkable Indian Institution and How its Alumni are Reshaping the World, New Delhi, Viking Penguin India, 2003

Rangan Banerjee and Vinayak P. Muley, Engineering Education in India, Bombay, IIT Bombay, 2008. Available here.

Narayana Jayaram, “Toward World-Class Status? The IIT System and IIT-Bombay”, in Philip G. Altbach and Jalmi Salmi (eds), The Road to Academic Excellence. The making of World-Class Research Universities. Washington, The World Bank, 2011. Available here.

Roli Varma, and Deepak Kapur, “Access, Satisfaction, and Future: Undergraduate Education at the Indian Institutes of Technology”, Higher Education 59: 703-717, 2010. Available here.

Ross Bassett, “Aligning India in the Cold War Era: Indian Technical Elites, the Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur, and Computing in India and the United States”. Technology and Culture 50: 783-810, 2009. Available here.

Useful Websites

Online Resources

1. Government Websites

Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD). Department of Higher Education.


MHRD. Department of Education. Compilation on 50 years of Indian Education: 1947-1997. http://www.education.nic.in/cd50years/home.htm

MHRD. Department of Education. Compilation on 50 years of Indian Education: Technical Education. http://www.education.nic.in/cd50years/f/subf.htm

All India Council for Technical Education. http://www.aicte-india.org/

Ministry of Science and Technology. Department of Science and Technology. http://www.dst.gov.in/

Union Public Service Commission. http://www.upsc.gov.in/

2. Apex Professional Organizations

The Institution of Engineers (India). http://www.ieindia.info/

Engineering Council of India. http://www.ecindia.org/

Indian National Academy of Engineering. http://www.inae.org/

Pan IIT-Alumni Association. http://www.paniitalumni.org/

Pan IIT-IIT Alumni Association. http://www.iit.org/

NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies). http://www.nasscom.in/

3. Engineering Associations

Aeronautical Society of India. http://www.aerosocietyindia.in/

Association of Consulting Civil Engineers. http://www.accehq.net/

Broadcast Engineering Society. http://www.besindia.com/

Computer Society of India. http://www.csi-india.org/web/csi/myhome

Construction Industry Development Council. http://www.cidc.in/new/

Consultancy Development Centre. http://dsir.gov.in/a_body/cdc/cdc.html

Consulting Engineers Association of India. http://www.ceaindia.org/

Indian Association of Structural Engineers. http://www.iastructe.co.in/

Indian Buildings Congress.

Indian Concrete Institute. http://www.indianconcreteinstitute.org/

Indian Geotechnical Society. http://www.igs.org.in/

Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers. http://www.iiche.org.in/

Indian Institute of Metals. http://www.iim-india.net/

Indian Institution of Bridge Engineers.

Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering. http://www.iiie-india.com/IIIE/index.php

Indian Institution of Plant Engineering. http://www.iipe.co.in/

Indian National Group of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering. http://morth.nic.in/index2.asp?slid=8&sublinkid=5&lang=1

Indian Railways Service of Mechanical Engineers. http://irsme.nic.in/

Indian Railways Technical Supervisors Association. http://www.irtsa.net/

Indian Society for Nondestructive Testing. http://www.isnt.org.in/

Indian Society for Trenchless Technology. http://www.indstt.org/

Institute of Electricals and Electronics Engineers. http://www.ieee.org/index.html

Institute of Urban Transport. http://www.iutindia.org/

Institution of Civil Engineers. http://www.ice.net.in/

Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers. http://www.iete.org/

Institution of Mechanical Engineering. http://www.imeindia.in/

Institution of Surveyors. http://iosindia.org/

International Council of Consultants. http://iccindia.org/

4. Higher Technical Education in India (Public sector)

The technical education system in India can be broadly classified into three categories: Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded Institutions, and Self-financed institutions. The Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under:


IITs 15
IIMs 13
IISc., Bangalore 1
NITs 30

Source: http://www.education.nic.in/tech/tech_overview.asp (Accessed 6th December 2011)

IIT: Indian Institutes of Technology

IIM: Indian Institutes of Management

IISc: Indian Institutes of Science, Bangalore. http://www.iisc.ernet.in/

IISER: Indian Institute of Science Education and Research

NIT: National Institutes of Technology

IIIT: Indian Institutes of Information Technology

NITTTR: National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research

SPA: School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi. www.spa.ac.in/

ISMU: Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad, Jharkhand. www.ismdhanbad.ac.in

NERIST: North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh. www.nerist.ac.in/

SLIET: Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Sangrur, Punjab. www.sliet.ac.in/

NITIE: National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai. http://www.nitie.edu/

NIFFT: National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology, Ranchi, Jharkhand.

5. List of  Indian & National Institutes of Technology (Public)

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. www.iitkgp.ernet.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. www.iitb.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. www.iitm.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. www.iitk.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. www.iitd.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati. www.iitg.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. www.iitr.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad. www.iith.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Rajasthan. www.iitk.ac.in/iitj

Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar. www.iitrpr.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi. www.iitmandi.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Indore. www.iiti.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Patna. www.iitp.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhi Nagar. www.iitgn.ac.in

Indian Institute of Technology, Bhuvaneshwar. www.iitbbs.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Agartala. www.tec.nic.in

Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad. www.mnnit.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh. www.nitdgp.ac.in/nit10/nitachws/

Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal. www.manit.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Calicut. www.nitc.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Delhi. www.nitw.ac.in/nitwnew/PageFiles/Links%20Page%20Details.htm?pageID=0&linkid=289&mainlink=0&linkType=main

National Institute of Technology, Durgapur. www.nitdgp.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Goa. http://www.nitgoa.ac.in/

National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur. www.nith.ac.in

Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur. www.mnit.ac.in

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar. www.nitj.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur. http://nitjsr.ac.in/nitjsr/

National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra. www.nitkkr.nic.in

Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur. www.vnit.ac.in/

National Institute of Technology, Meghalaya.

National Institute of Technology, Manipur.

National Institute of Technology, Mizoram. www.vnit.ac.in/index.php/nitm.html

National Institute of Technology, Nagaland.

National Institute of Technology, Patna. www.nitp.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Puducherry. http://www.nitt.edu/home/nitp/

National Institute of Technology, Raipur. www.nitrr.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Rourkela. www.nitrkl.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Sikkim. www.nitc.ac.in/sikkim/index.php

National Institute of Technology, Silchar. www.nits.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Srinagar. www.nitsri.net

Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat. www.svnit.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Surathkal. www.nitk.ac.in

National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli. www.nitt.edu

National Institute of Technology, Uttarakhand.

National Institute of Technology, Warangal. www.nitw.ac.in

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad. www.iiita.ac.in

Atal Bihari Vajpayee – Indian Institute of Information Technology, Gwalior. www.iiitm.ac.in

Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra Indian Institute of Information, Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur. www.iiitdmj.ac.in

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kanchipuram. www.iiitdm.iitm.ac.in